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Competing for Sustainability: Could Social Game Design Hold a Key?

3p Contributor | Monday May 11th, 2009 | 2 Comments

sustainability video gameBy Kai Jaffe

How would your company act differently if run by social gamers? This was the question posed by social game designer Alan Wells at Thursday night’s Designers Accord town hall meeting in San Francisco.

The Designers Accord is a global coalition of designers, educators, researchers, engineers, and corporate leaders working together to integrate the principles of sustainability into all aspects of design practice and manufacturing. It advocates inverting the traditional model of competition, and encourages sharing best practices so environmental and social innovation is more efficiently and quickly disseminated. In the spirit of sharing, a number of designers and design educators came together at Lunar Design in San Francisco to discuss how they are implementing sustainability thinking into their work.

Alan Wells works at Zynga, a social gaming company, designing social games. To get people to play his game over and over and want to share it with their friends, the game must have rewards built into it. Very clear reward structures, where a player knows what they have to do to receive a reward, appeals to human nature. Alan has found that the key to a successful reward structure, and thus a successful game, is when players have to exhibit comparison, competition, and cooperation. To have a successful social game a player will always compare what they have with what others have, and therefore, compete with their friends, and cooperate with people to gain a reward.


Taking his knowledge from designing games, he believes the key to changing people’s behavior in regard to sustainability is to create a game by using these innate human traits, comparison, competition, and cooperation, to make people more sustainable. The research team at IDEO came to this same conclusion while conducting user research from drivers for Ford’s new hybrid. “Our big finding was that drivers interested in fuel efficiency were playing a game. They want a high score,” says Steve Bishop, IDEO’s global lead of sustainability.

To illustrate his point, Alan had us imagine what PG&E would be like if it was run by social gamers. Instead of getting a bill every month that you dread getting, you would be able to see everyday how your energy use compares with your friends, the other people in your building, people on your block, and other blocks in the city. By creating a competition between friends and neighbors, to get a high score, you would want to use the least amount of energy possible. If you were using too much energy on your block, your neighbors would help you lower your energy use so that the block would get a better score. The “cheat” to lower your score without using less energy would be to buy wind credits.

Now back to the question at the beginning of this post, how would your company act differently if run by social gamers? How would you reward your consumer’s behavior towards more sustainable choices?

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Kai Jaffe is a freelance product designer living in the Bay Area who strives to help designers design their products in a more holistic way. He writes a blog about how the design process can be used as a tool to help people called Design with Respect.


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  • http://www.thepumablog.com Steve Puma

    This article hits the nail right on the head. The key to getting human beings to be more sustainable is to create clear reward structures and feedback mechanisms that make it enjoyable and in the individual’s self-interest. We are only going to get so far with punishments and sacrifice. People need to view things in a different light, i.e. using less power (sacrifice) = more money in their pocket and a healthier planet (benefits).

    We need to bring the global benefits, like a healthier planet, down to an individual scale, and games are the perfect way to do this.

    As game designer extraordinaire Jane McGonigal says, properly designed games are “happiness engines”, parcelling out just the right amount of challenge, so the player does not get frustrated, and just the right amount of reward, so that the player is encouraged to continue playing.

    Bringing gaming concepts into work will serve the dual goals of bringing more happiness to people while creating social benefits, such as real-world improvements towards sustainability goals.

  • chris Raynes

    I agree, nothing will change unless their is some sort of reward for going green and/or being sustainable. there is a great company who does reward for moving towards sustainability, check it out at http://www.e3bank.com. they actually offer interest rate reductions for investing in eco-friendly products, they also set you up with vendors who provide things like solar panels or efficient heating systems. give them a look see they are a unique company.

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