European Retailers Adopt Voluntary Sustainable Business Code

I have to bite my tongue when I hear people claim how progressive Europe is when it comes to sustainability and consumerism.  Take Amsterdam, where in May I worked and traveled for two weeks.  True, bicycles are everywhere, public transport works, and you can find great locally grown food.  But step into an Albert Heijn supermarket, and you will see that the capital of tulips and bicycles is also the capital of processed food, over-packaged in plentiful plastic.

Walk along the Kalverstraat or Leidseplein, and Amsterdam, just like any European city, offers plenty of retail therapy to make the heartiest shopper blush.  And that retail therapy includes discount clothing giants like C&A and H&M.  Now a coalition of retailers, from IKEA to Carrefour, have a announced a Code for Environmentally Sustainable Business.

This coalition between the European Retail Round Table (ERRT) and EuroCommerce claims that it is committing retailers to improve their operations in six areas:

  1. Sourcing, by promoting more environmentally sustainable sourcing and production of products.
  2. Resource efficiency, by improving the environmental performance of the retailers’ premises.
  3. Transport and distribution, by improving the environmental performance of distribution and where the retailer does not operate its own fleet, working with transport providers, as well as by supporting the sustainable mobility of customers and workers.
  4. Waste management, by putting in practice measures aiming to prevent or reduce the impact of waste on the environment.
  5. Communication, that is, encouraging more sustainable consumption and which promote responsible consumer behavior regarding product use and disposal.
  6. Reporting, by regularly reporting on the above commitments, which to some may seem like cheating, so let’s just say there are 5 areas.


If these proclamations all sounds very vague and broad at the same time, that is because they are.  The code is completely voluntary, and in an economy that as an aggregate is larger than that of the United States, so far 21 chains and 7 retail associations have signed up.

It makes for great public relations and “We Care” campaigns, but so far the Code as it stands has not explained how participating companies can measure and compare their efforts.  And as for reporting, there is no agreed upon standard.

Many European retailers are already adopting such measures with or without such a codeMarks & Spencer is reducing energy consumption in stores by about 20%, and Tesco has a distribution center powered entirely from renewable energy sourced from food waste.  Other retailers are reducing the carbon footprint of their packaging.

For now, the Code for Environmentally Sustainable Business is a document establishing laudable goals, but is not achieving much more than shrugged shoulders because it has no teeth nor a detailed plan of action.  Most likely this is because of the reality of which retailers are keenly aware, tucked into a document’s footnote:  a large consumer survey indicated that quality (67%) is most important for making a purchasing decision, followed by price (47%)—environmental impact is only the leading concern for 34% of Europeans.  Perhaps a better strategy for these retailers is to instruct and lead their customers as to how sustainability can lead to a good price and high quality—not a choice of one or another.  So that item #5, communication, will be the retailers’ greatest challenge.

Let’s check in a year from now to see the effects, if any, this code may yield.  I personally am looking forward to that item #6, reporting.

Based in Fresno, California, Leon Kaye is a business writer and strategic communications specialist. He has also been featured in The Guardian, Sustainable Brands and CleanTechnica. When he has time, he shares his thoughts on his own site, Contact him at You can also reach out via Twitter (@LeonKaye) and Instagram (GreenGoPost). He is currently living and working in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.