Sustainability is often defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The focus of this article is on those “future generations” and how they might feel about nature when they grow up. Will the children who inherit the Earth, and the potential issues that might still remain unresolved, feel the innate desire to preserve it? Or is our connection to nature being lost?
This interesting and thought provoking concept was introduced to me by Kim Marshall McLean, a PhD classmate of mine at George Mason University and a NOAA Biologist. Kim is researching how exposure to the outdoors and the lessons learned in nature shape our understanding and even our intelligence. The sociological and environmental information gathered from this kind of research is far reaching and has implications for business as well. It is the hope that future leaders, especially those in business, will retain the close kinship with nature. But if our childrens’ ability to connect with the natural world is replaced by greater exposure to technology and less interactive learning environments and recreation, will future generations be able to adequately preserve the Earth that is left to them?
Why is the Connection to Nature Important?
A concern and care for the Earth is typically sparked as children experience the grandness and amazement found in nature. As budding environmental stewards, our passion for preservation and dedication to sustainability stems from a desire to continue enjoying what nature has to offer. Even more than that, our connection to nature and the lessons we learn being in the “wild” not only keeps us dedicated to its preservation, but nature provides us with many benefits, not simply the natural resources we rely upon.
The biophilia hypothesis, introduced and popularized by Edward O. Wilson, suggests that there is an instinctive bond between human beings and other living systems. This bond is formed from the time we are born and is nurtured as we grow and play. The research conducted in this area further drives home the importance of environmental education. Research shows that children with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are better able to concentrate after contact with nature (Taylor et al. 2001) and that exposure to natural environments improves children’s cognitive development by improving their awareness, reasoning and observational skills (Pyle 2002). Recent research even shows that play in a diverse natural environment reduces or eliminates bullying (Malone & Tranter 2003).
What is Happening to the Connection?
Today, adults and children alike are “plugged in” most of their day. Between computers, video games, television and texting, our lives are tied more to technology than ever before. This change is also evident at school, where programs involving field trips, recreation and outdoor learning have all been significantly limited, primarily due to strict policies set forth in legislation like No Child Left Behind. How and where will future generations get their love and appreciation for the outdoors?
Award winning naturalist, Richard Louv, talks about nature’s evolving frontier and its impacts on future generations. In his book, Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder, Louv claims that “in the space of a century, the American experience of nature…has gone from direct utilitarianism, to romantic attachment, to electronic detachment.”
There are ways to correct this electronic detachment and connecting to nature can be done in many ways. Parents have the ability to teach their children about the importance of our environment by simply taking them outdoors and exposing them to the overwhelming beauty of our world. Educational systems, primarily K-12, need to re-institute recreation and field trips outside of the classroom to reinforce the lessons taught from books.
Finally, business has an important role as well. Implementing sustainability plans, making genuine commitments to environmental protection and engaging employees in the cause will ensure that the connection we feel to nature and its recognized importance will be sustained. Future generations will therefore be expected to incorporate sustainability into their daily lives. If sustainability can become a common thread woven into our lives, it will effectively become second nature.