As the “green movement” in America progresses, many devotees of architecture and preservation are envisioning tall glass buildings made of copper, stone, or other materials that will save the environment or our wallets. However, one inevitably wonders why we are building new “green” structures when we could just use the ones we already have. Reusing an old water bottle instead of buying a new one is a great idea. Why not reuse the old building instead of building a new one?
That is exactly what the National Trust for Historic preservation and preservationists across the country are advocating. America has thousands of commercial and residential structures simply lying in ruin or waiting for new use or restoration. The catch phrase amongs preservationists is now, “the greenest building is the one already built.” Many historic structures are uniquely suited for being brought up to LEED certification.
With this in mind, the National Parks service is considering cost effective options for many of its historic sights including Ft. Sumter, which sits in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. A preliminary project is underway to evaluate the feasibility of installing solar panels and a backup fuel cell generator. The Fort currently runs on diesel and saps power from the local power grid. The team is considering installing the panels on a pier or on the roof of the museum as to not disturb the historic structure.
The major challenge facing green builders is striking a balance between new green construction, refurbishing historic structures in a sustainable way, and outright traditional preservation efforts. Many warn about confusing a building fad with the true work of preservation.
These two schools of thought clashed recently in New Orleans. Against the wishes of the Vieux Carré Commission (a preservationist group that works to protect New Orleans’ famous French Quarter structures), the New Orleans City Council approved the first use of solar panels on a house in the French Quarter. The Council required panels to be black and angled in a particular way to best blend in with the house’s roof. And despite the protests of the Vieux Carré Commission, many New Orleans residents remarked that the Council’s decision is consistent with the goal of making the French Quarter a vibrant, livable community. One remarked, “The French Quarter is not some sort of outdoor museum.” People live and work in New Orleans and it should not be made into Williamsburg, Virginia. Also expressed were the property rights of an owner of a historic structure
In the meantime there is still no better way to build green than using what already exists. Building techniques can be utilized to reduce harm to the original structure while newer and more efficient technologies can be integrated into the building. Green buildings allow their occupants to appreciate the past and utilize a sustainable structure that has its place in the modern world.
Royce DuBiner majored in History at Goucher College and is currently pursing his JD at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law. His interests are History, Preservation, and the South.