U.S. Wind Energy Could Double, But It’s Deja-vu All Over Again in Congress

US Annual Wind Power Capacity Additions - 5 year avg - 2009-2013Last year got off to a shaky start for the U.S. wind energy industry, but new project construction and installed generation capacity took off following belated Congressional extension of the federal renewable energy production tax credit (PTC). By year’s end a record number of wind energy projects were under construction, and new wind energy generation records had been set across the country.

By the end of 2013, 46,100 wind turbines on 905 utility-scale wind farms with rated generation capacity of 61,110 megawatts (MW) were online, producing more than 4 percent of U.S. electricity generation, according to the American Wind Energy Association’s (AWEA), “U.S. Wind Industry Annual Market Report 2013.”

Wind energy investment has been growing at a 19.5 percent annual rate over the past five years, with an average $15 billion per year invested in new projects. With costs dropping 43 percent between 2008 and 2012, wind energy is now providing clean, renewable electricity to the equivalent of 15.5 million U.S. homes across 39 states and Puerto Rico, and the U.S. economy and society is benefiting in numerous other ways.

Momentum is still very much dependent on the federal wind energy PTC, however. As Congress once again debates whether or not to extend the PTC, wind energy industry companies, their employees and suppliers can only watch, wait and make contingency plans.

Wind energy comes of age

U.S. wind energy growth and development has been remarkable over the past five years and more, notwithstanding successive boom-bust cycles – the result of the waxing and waning of the wind energy PTC.

Whether its building or operating wind farms or manufacturing, the wind energy industry is now present in all 50 U.S. states and Puerto Rico. In a surprisingly short period of time, wind energy has become the lowest cost means of producing electricity in a growing number of U.S. markets, accounting for 31 percent of new U.S. electric generation capacity over the past five years. As the AWEA points out:

“The 905 U.S. wind projects span 39 states while the 560 manufacturing facilities span 43 states. The majority of U.S. Congressional Districts, over 70 percent, have a wind project, a manufacturing facility or, both.”

Regionally, wind-generated electricity accounted for 60 percent of supply in the Pacific Northwest, Plains states and Midwest, and as much as 80 percent in the Upper Midwest between 2011 and 2013, the AWEA highlights. Wind energy was the largest source of new generation capacity across the U.S., with the exception of the Southeast and Mid-Atlantic regions.
US Annual Wind Power Capacity Additions by Region 2011-2013

Touting the industry’s success, AWEA President Tom Kiernan stated:

“Increasingly, America is powered by wind energy. As utilities and Americans become more familiar with this affordable and reliable energy source, they want more of it. Our industry is responding with record construction numbers, more business for American factories, and more deployment of wind energy that has become a new cash crop for our farmers and ranchers.”

Then, of course, there are the social and environmental values and benefits associated with producing electricity with zero carbon and greenhouse gas emissions, essentially zero in the way of land, water and air pollution, and drastically lower water use as compared to fossil fuel alternatives. The AWEA highlights:

“Operational wind energy projects, combined with the projects under construction, will avoid 115 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions annually—more than 5 percent of U.S. power sector emissions—while avoiding the consumption of over 36 billion gallons of water each year, because wind turbines use virtually no water in operation.”

Realizing wind energy potential: A look ahead

Looking ahead, the AWEA highlights the boost anticipated as a result of growing investment to expand transmission capacity from wind energy facilities to demand centers.

“More than 10,000 MW of new transmission capacity was completed in 2013, and near-term projects could deliver another 60,000 MW of wind energy – allowing a doubling of the total amount of capacity installed today. These power lines result from years of work, which must continue if growth is to be sustained.”

Driven by ongoing technological advances, declining costs and the Jan. 2, 2013 extension of the wind energy PTC, last year’s results were dramatic. Equally dramatic have been the effects of allowing the federal wind energy PTC to expire. That was clearly demonstrated yet again in late 2012, as the AWEA recounts in its news release:

“The supply chain had slowed down during the months preceding the threatened expiration. As a result of the slowdown and the months needed to region momentum, the industry saw a 92 percent drop in installations, down from a record 13,131 MW in 2012 to just 1,087 MW in 2013.”

The bust proved short-lived and was to be followed by a boom following Congress’s Jan. 2 renewal. As 2013 drew to a close, a record 12,000 MW and 100 projects were under construction across the U.S.

Unfortunately, for the U.S. wind energy participants and society at large, the debate as to whether or not to renew the PTC for wind energy is playing out yet again this year.

Speaking for the industry, AWEA Kiernan said:

“In the last several years, and highlighted by the tremendous industry activity that ramped up in 2013, U.S. wind energy has shown what it can do for America. The time is now for Congress to give the industry a green light to keep contributing jobs and clean electrons to America, by providing a stable business environment for further investment.”

An independent journalist, researcher and writer, my work roams across the nexus where ecology, technology, political economy and sociology intersect and overlap. The lifelong quest for knowledge of the world and self -- not to mention gainful employment -- has led me near and far afield, from Europe, across the Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa and back home to the Americas. LinkedIn: andrew burger Google+: Andrew B Email: huginn.muggin@gmail.com

2 responses

  1. To keep growing wind energy in the United States, we must avoid erecting barriers against reliable, affordable sources of renewable power. Wind provided over 4 percent of the country’s electricity in 2013. With smart policies in place, that number can reach 20 percent by 2030.

    The Production Tax Credit for wind power is a valuable incentive that helps wind energy compete with more traditional, well-established energy sources. We should urge Congress to expedite its renewal. Wind power, with the help of the PTC, has dropped in cost 43 percent in just four years. Clean, reliable, and affordable, wind power is a smart piece of our energy future.

    Wind energy can lead us to increased energy independence while reducing costs and pollution, especially carbon dioxide emissions. The more than 60 gigawatts of installed wind capacity at the end of 2013 already avoids CO2 emissions equivalent to taking 17 million cars off the road.

    And wind power provides thousands of Americans with well-paying jobs. However, the on-again, off-again nature of the PTC must be resolved before businesses in American wind power are able to plan for the long term. Each time the PTC is allowed to expire, production contracts and jobs are threatened.

    Until a long-term solution can be found for our energy policy, we need to extend this valuable incentive so that wind power can continue to work for people across the entire country, driving our economy and preserving the environment.

    For more information on wind power, visit http://www.awea.org

    Peebles Squire

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