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Amazon, Apple Ignoring SEC Climate Change Risk Disclosure Rules

Words by Leon Kaye

According to a recent report, almost 75 percent of public companies who file disclosures with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ignore a 3½-year-old rule requiring them to inform their investors about the risks climate change poses to their business. Among those firms, Amazon and Apple stand out for their lack of any discussion of climate change and potential impacts on their business in their 10-K’s and other required filings required among U.S. law.

Considering the influence these companies have on global supply chains, consumer spending and the business community at large, the dismissal of climate change will surely irk Amazon’s and Apple’s stakeholders who insist these powerful firms lead the way in informing investors how climate will affect their operations and therefore, their bottom lines. Meanwhile, the companies year-after-year continue to ignore the request for emissions data the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) sends to hundreds of companies annually.

But will either the world’s most esteemed technology brand or online marketplace really listen?

It is easy to assume arrogance is behind Apple’s and Amazon’s slights when it comes to the disclosure of risks within their SEC filings. Both companies have had their ups and downs over the past year—in particular their stock prices—but both companies are still, overall, wildly successful. When you are on top, it is easy to believe pesky and probable risks from an amorphous idea called climate change couldn't really threaten, or boost, your business. After all, Walmart had a similar attitude until 2005’s Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast. The devastation combined with the retailer’s public relations nadir pushed Walmart to change some of its ways—and many view the company now as a sustainability leader.

But, part of the problem lies with the SEC. Remember, this is the same agency, long underfunded, understaffed and therefore, overextended, that failed to see anything amiss with firms such as Enron, Tyco, Adelphia and MCI Worldcom a decade ago. The SEC was also asleep in the months leading to the 2008 financial crisis, when large financial firms ended up in a free fall and Bernie Madoff’s scheme added insult to massive injuries before the year was over.

And even the SEC’s guidance is nebulous and confusing. After all, when announcing this new rule in early 2010, the agency issued this press release:

“When assessing potential disclosure obligations, a company should consider whether the impact of certain existing laws and regulations regarding climate change is material. In certain circumstances, a company should also evaluate the potential impact of pending legislation and regulation related to this topic.”

Even the SEC Interpretive Release published days after the new requirement, while more forceful, plays linguistic gymnastics as it advises companies such disclosures submitted to CDP or the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) “may also be required to be disclosed in filings.” If one has ever wondered who are amongst the most skilled and highest paid lawyers, count the corporate and securities attorneys who find a way to avoid disclosing what their clients would prefer not to discuss, even 10 years after Sarbanes-Oxley became federal law. Furthermore, since there is little precedent to disclose climate change risks, companies are simply toeing the line. With only 27 percent of SEC filers mentioning climate change, direct your ire at the SEC, not the companies.

Finally, organizations such as the CDP should engage the likes of Apple and Amazon instead of rattling their cages. One CDP staffer I met at a recent conference recounted Amazon’s nonchalance towards disclosing their emissions. When I asked if anyone at CDP had simply visited Seattle to make the case, the response was, “We don’t have the budget to do that.” Considering CDP’s partner is PwC, such an answer was eye-roll worthy at best. Furthermore, at a recent meeting of sustainability managers tasked with reporting to GRI and CDP, one common complaint was that CDP’s methodology of rankings and analysis was not particularly transparent. Nonprofits that want business to do more may want to conduct themselves as business-like: not as a nonprofit.

Of course, Amazon and Apple should disclose their emissions and other related data to their stakeholders to avoid any future hubris. But those who insist these companies open the books could also become more creative and conciliatory when requesting this information. Everyone would be better off.

[Image credit: Leon Kaye]

This is Leon Kaye’s 900th article on Triple Pundit. Based in Fresno, California, he is the editor of GreenGoPost.com and frequently writes about business sustainability strategy. Leon also contributes to Guardian Sustainable Business; his work has also appeared on Sustainable Brands, Inhabitat and Earth911. You can follow Leon and ask him questions on Twitter or Instagram (greengopost). He will relocate to Abu Dhabi, UAE after October 1.

Leon Kaye headshotLeon Kaye

Leon Kaye has written for 3p since 2010 and become executive editor in 2018. His previous work includes writing for the Guardian as well as other online and print publications. In addition, he's worked in sales executive roles within technology and financial research companies, as well as for a public relations firm, for which he consulted with one of the globe’s leading sustainability initiatives. Currently living in Central California, he’s traveled to 70-plus countries and has lived and worked in South Korea, the United Arab Emirates and Uruguay.

Leon’s an alum of Fresno State, the University of Maryland, Baltimore County and the University of Southern California's Marshall Business School. He enjoys traveling abroad as well as exploring California’s Central Coast and the Sierra Nevadas.

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