By Leslie Pascaud
Only a few years ago, no one seemed to notice or care how much water it took to make things. But as the world has gotten thirstier, our water-wasting practices are coming back to haunt us. Today, 1.2 billion people, or almost a fifth of the world's population, live in areas of water scarcity, and, according to the U.N., this number will climb to almost 2 billion by 2025. Water use has been growing at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century, and climate change has exacerbated the problem.
Another more encouraging fact is that there is still enough fresh water on the planet for all 7 billion of us. But, as the U.N. notes, this water is distributed unevenly and too much of it is wasted, polluted and unsustainably managed.
Until recently, richer nations have been less affected by water shortages; but the last few years of drought in California and Texas have put water on the radar in Middle America. In China, the problem is more acute. The Yongding River, which once fed Beijing, has run dry, along with 27,000 other rivers that have disappeared due to industrialization, dams and drought. Even worse, China’s own state media reported last year that nearly 60 percent of the country’s underground water is polluted.
Industry is the No. 1 culprit in the water crisis, and companies are under increasing scrutiny for their practices. According to an analysis conducted by engineers at Carnegie Mellon University, agricultural and industrial processes use a staggering quantity of water: It takes about 270 gallons of water to produce $1 worth of sugar; 200 gallons to make $1 worth of pet food; and 140 gallons for $1 worth of milk. The textile industry is a major culprit: According to the U.S. EPA, it takes 2,900 gallons of water to produce a single pair of jeans. Water is also a key input into the production of energy. Every kilowatt-hour of electricity we use consumes on average 25 gallons water. According to Earthworks, the water used to fracture the 35,000 active wells in the United States annually is equivalent to the annual water consumption of 40 to 80 cities, each with a population of 50,000.
The good news is that citizens, governments and businesses are waking up and acknowledging the importance of water stewardship. Corporate investments in innovative water-saving technologies are growing.
Here are five ways in which companies are pioneering potential avenues of water stewardship and, at the same time, boosting their bottom line:
It also did an excellent job of marketing its efforts. This past March, the company announced it had saved 1 billion liters of water since the launch and is now shooting for 80 percent of its products to be Water<Less by 2020.
Nike and Adidas have followed suit, investing in DyeCoo, a Dutch company that has developed an innovative waterless system that uses supercritical carbon dioxide instead of water in the dyeing process.
Another example of innovation comes from the recycling industry. Plastic recycling processes use a lot of water. Ak Inovex from Mexico has developed a new green technology using recycling beads that “wash” and grind plastic containers without water. In addition to water savings, this process reduces production costs by half by eliminating the need for energy-intensive dehydration and cooling.
Bion, a New York-based waste treatment company, has patented a technology combining mechanical, biological, chemical and thermal processes to capture waste and convert it into clean water for irrigation and solids for fertilizer and energy production. The technology also eliminates the pathogens found in water and can therefore help to curb a massive contributor to antibiotic resistance at its source.
Brewery Bear Republic, a California-based craft brewer, decided to embrace the waste. While it hasn't (yet?) put the stuff in their beer, the brewery adopted an innovative system called the EcoVolt from Cambrian Innovation to recycle and supply about 10 percent of its water requirements. The system uses a bioelectric process to treat water while extracting all the waste. The outputs provide 25 percent of its hot water heating, 50 percent of its electrical needs, and up to 25 percent of the water it needs to clean its facilities.
Certain washing machines use about 40 percent less water than others, so Surf and Electrolux have teamed up in India to communicate the benefits of choosing a water-saving machine. In the U.S., on-demand car cleaning service Wype positions itself as the 'Uber of waterless car washing.' Available via mobile app, Wype comes to the user and cleans waterlessly, conserving 38 gallons of water. With every completed Wype, the company donates a gallon of clean water to Charity: Water.
Shokubutsu Hana, a personal care brand from Japanese company Lion, found an ingenious way to combine water clean-up with education. It recently mounted the first ever ‘Water Billboard’ in the Pasig River. The billboard was made of a system using Vetiver plants (Chrysopogon zizanioides), which can clean up to 8,000 gallons of water per day. Made to float on water, the billboard didn’t just communicate HANA’s message – it actually cleaned wastewater in the rivers where the billboard was placed.
As a new water mentality seeps into the public psyche, forward-thinking brands and businesses will need to use their best technological chops to address the pressing water crisis. Brands that think their water impacts have no consumer relevance will quickly discover, as did Coca-Cola in India and Nestle in Canada that people are increasingly recognizing the intrinsic value of this vital resource. Smart players will find creative ways to leverage their water conservation investments to improve their bottom line while building trust with consumers and improving their brand image in the process.
Image credit: Flickr/Kecko
Leslie Pascaud is executive vice president of branding and sustainable innovation at Added Value. Leslie has spent the past 15 years at Added Value helping clients across sectors and geographies grow their businesses through better brand positioning, innovation, and portfolio strategy. She helped to develop over a dozen successful products, services and brands for clients as diverse as Colgate, Pernod Ricard, Tefal, and Yoplait.
Founder of Added Value’s Branding for Good practice, Leslie has worked with the likes of Ikea, Danone, Shell, AT&T, and many other clients to leverage sustainable development as a springboard to innovation. A frequent speaker on the topic of brand purpose, she is passionate about driving positive change through the power of marketing. Leslie began her career working for 10 years in advertising. She received her MBA from the Yale School of Management.