We live in strange times. One in 3 people around the world are overweight, and around the world 24 percent of calories are wasted between the farm and the refrigerator. That number jumps to 42 percent for folks in the U.S. Meanwhile, some 805 million people in the world (1 in 9 of us planetary residents) do not have enough food to lead a healthy, active life: abundance and scarcity, hand in hand.
The reasons for this dichotomy are numerous, and the solutions complex. But one berry farmer hopes to tackle it with industry leadership and smart water management. J. Miles Reitner, chairman of Driscoll's Inc., spoke from the plenary stage at the 2015 Ceres conference about his company's efforts to lead the way on smart water use and the best growing conditions for strawberries.
"There's a very specific climate for strawberries," Reitner said. "Coastal valleys are perfect. [Driscoll's operates] in 21 countries, and none of the growing environments is quite as perfect as California. We don't have a mobility choice. That means we need to fix the water situation."
Driscoll's, a family company, looks one or two generations out when planning and forecasting water needs. That means the current drought situation in California is quite worrisome, because water for farming will not be around for future generations if the aquifers are depleted.
The Driscoll's approach to water management rests on three principals:
One of Driscoll's first moves was to come out in favor of groundwater legislation that many growers opposed due to the increased costs and restrictions. When asked why, Reiter explained:
"We're a family-owned company; we look out over one or two generations. This legislation is in the public interest. It's in California's interest to have water management. California was the only state that didn't have groundwater management." He claims he didn't get flack from other farmers because they knew legislation was in their industry's best interest over the long term, even if it caused short-term pains.
In addition to water management, Reiter called for a carbon tax, which could raise the cost of production as it would increase the cost of oil. "Cheap food is one of the problems in our country," he explained, alluding to the fact that agriculture subsidies go mostly to corn and soybean growers in the Midwest, who produce cheap and copious ingredients for calorie-rich food without much nutritional value.
Driscoll's is hard at work figuring out how to efficiently produce berries with a minimum input of water without sacrificing taste or volume. In fact, Reiter pointed to taste as a key to healthier eating: "Fruit needs to taste better: We can shift people to healthier diets if the product tastes good." He joked that even his children won't eat berries that aren't tasty. To close things out, Reiter called on the culinary world to "get more creative with plant-based food. Animal-based entrees are a cop-out for poor skills."
While many gourmands would probably disagree with Reiter there, there's no doubt that reducing meat consumption is one quick way to save water and improve health outcomes.
Does that mean strawberry shortcake for dinner this summer?
Image credit: Flickr/Jeepers Media
Jen Boynton is the former Editor-in-Chief of TriplePundit. She has an MBA in Sustainable Management from the Presidio Graduate School and has helped organizations including SAP, PwC and Fair Trade USA with their sustainability communications messaging. She is based in San Diego, California. When she's not at work, she volunteers as a CASA (court appointed special advocate) for children in the foster care system. She enjoys losing fights with toddlers and eating toast scraps. She lives with her family in sunny San Diego.